The 10 Most Important Traditional Mexican Festivals (2023)

The Traditional holidays in Mexico Are a reflection of a culture composed of elements from different eras, from the ancient Mayan civilization to include contemporary American customs.

Mexico has become a country where its gastronomy, architecture and, above all, its festivals have a colorful and captivating energy.

The 10 Most Important Traditional Mexican Festivals (1) Feast of the Day of the Dead

Mexico has 68 different languages ​​and dialects from diverse cultures, an Intangible Cultural Heritage recognized worldwide - its gastronomy - and the famous serenades of mariachis.

There are also two architectural gems: the pyramid of Quetzalcoatl and the sun in Teotihuacan.

However, it is their traditional festivals that highlight their splendor.

Religion is an important topic and one of great presence in each and every one of the Mexican national and regional festivities.

The Mexican culture adopted the Mayan vision of death, perceiving it as a stage that deserves to be celebrated as well as life, so it is openly accepted with great respect and humor.

A clear example of this is presented by the most popular and ancient festival in Mexico: the day of the dead.

Main traditional Mexican festivals

Day of the Dead: The most famous Mexican festival in the world

It is celebrated from the 31 of October to the 2 of November in all Mexico, going back to the pre-Hispanic time and having its roots in the Mayan festivities where they worshiped to the death.

The purpose of this celebration is to honor the dead in a joyful and very special way by placing precious altars decorated with special flowers of Cempasúchil.

The celebration of Oaxaca is one of the most important and significant where it is customary to adorn the altars with several steps.

The first, which should go with a white tablecloth, represents adults and grandparents. While the rest of the steps are reserved for the other members of the family.

The altar is decorated with different representations of death, candles, crypts and skulls adorned with striking colors, as well as crosses made with yellow and purple papers representing the union of life and death.

Preparations usually begin in mid-October as families begin to clean their homes and graves of their relatives in depth, with the aim of guiding them and having peace and tranquility.

Throughout the festival, the streets are filled with music, precious altars and it is normal to eat sweet skulls and the famous"Pan de muerto", a delicious bread made with anise and orange.

During the party, the National Museum of Mexican Art, carries out an exhibition of striking paintings representing sepulchral figures such as skulls and skeletons.

The festival culminates on November 2 with the popular"Alumbrada"when the various altars are illuminated with thousands of candles in the National Pantheon.

Festival of the skulls

Coinciding with the"Day of the Dead"festival is one of the most well-known festivals in Mexico.

Celebrated in Aguascalientes receives annually more than 850 thousand visitors who come to the place to witness the most colorful parades and tours made with people disguised as colorful skulls and skeletons that dance with music and candles crossing the different altars that are in their path.

Throughout the festival musical events and thousands of exhibitions are held, with the aim of paying homage to the Mexican plastic artist José Guadalupe Posada, creator of the famous cadaveric figure"La Catrina".

Concluding with the popular night walk"Illuminate your feet to the dead"where you can reach the Cerro del Muerto.

The tour is full of mysticism, legends and countless skulls, music and the best gastronomy.

San Marcos Fair

Considered one of the most important fairs in Mexico, it is celebrated in the middle of April, attracting thousands of tourists as one of the best Mexican artistic and cultural exhibitions.

The fair has been celebrated for more than 180 years and is a famous bullfighting fair where the largest livestock exhibition in Latin America is presented, and there are multiple concerts and recreational activities.

The neighborhood of San Marcos is full of colorful and fun to honor its patron while tasting the best Mexican gastronomy.

Veracruz Carnival

Ranked as the second most important carnival of all Latin America after the popular carnival of Brazil.

For a week the Jarocho port of Veracruz receives thousands of people from different parts of the world to witness incredible parades that run along the Boulevard Manuel Ávila Camacho of approximately 3.8 kilometers in length.

The objective is to witness the colorful floats and the original masks shown by the different comparsas. It is a week full of charm with music, lights and disguises.

Day of the Guadalupana

It is an important celebration where the patroness of Mexico, the virgin of Guadalupe, is worshiped.

The festivity is celebrated every December 12, starting on the eve with the interpretation of the popular Mexican song"Las mañanitas", sung by artists and parishioners, who begin a pilgrimage to the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe and the great Atrium Of the Americas, considered one of the most fervent places on the continent.

La Guelaguetza

It receives that name thanks to the Zapotec word Which means"sharing".

It is one of the largest and most important festivals in the State of Oaxaca. During this festivity that is celebrated the two Mondays after the 16 of July, the different regions of the state come together to show their best suits, meals and typical dances.

It is a wonderful celebration full of music and dance that pays homage to the Mexican culture in its maximum splendor, taking place in the famous Cerro del Fortin.

Mexican Independence Day

It is celebrated on September 16 and commemorates the moment when in 1810 Mexico declared its independence for the first time through"El Grito", the famous proclamation of independence by Miguel Hidalgo and Castile, who rang the bell of his church in The coastal city of Dolores to oppose the Spanish government in power.

On September 16 all the municipalities recreate the cry of Dolores and the dawn of 15 and 16 the president recites the famous shout and waving the Mexican flag while singing the national anthem.

The cities are filled with fireworks, parades and dances while it is typical to consume tequila and the typical dish"Pozole", a soup made with pork and corn.

Cinco de Mayo party

Mexicans used to celebrate on May 5 the famous"Battle of Puebla"in which in 1862 a small force of Mexican soldiers and peasants defeated the huge French army that sought to seize the city of Puebla.

It is commemorated as a historic day and of great symbolism, being considered the most important national pride day in all of Mexico.

In Puebla allusive parades are held and in several cities of the United States and worldwide exhibitions and events are organized to remember that day.

October parties

They constitute an important cultural festival that is celebrated in the state of Jalisco, Guadalajara. They start on the first Friday in October and end on the first Friday in November.

Throughout the month the different localities of Jalisco celebrate different concerts and exhibit dance, dance and painting shows.

It is the perfect month to enjoy Mexican culture in all its splendor. The festival begins with the traditional parade of floats where mariachis and colorful floats enliven the place.

Celebrations in honor of Santa Cecilia

Santa Cecilia, patron saint of musicians and poets, is honored every November 22 in the world.

There are different musicians from various locations around the world to pay tribute to Santa Cecilia, and to mariachis rhythms and the popular song"Las mañanitas"all Mexico is full of recreational and musical activities, perfect for those who enjoy a good set Of mariachis.

References

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  7. Day of the Dead . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from donquijote.org
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  9. [Links] Day of the dead, a proudly Mexican tradition . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from blog.bestday.com.mx
  10. . In a big way musicians celebrate Santa Cecilia . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from milenio.com/
  11. The carnival of Veracruz, the most cheerful of Mexico. Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from revistabuenviaje.com
  12. Facts about Mexico . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from facts-about-mexico.com
  13. October parties . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from http://www.dondehayferia.com
  14. Guelaguetza . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from eluniversal.com.mx
  15. Hecht, J. Top 10 festivals and parties in Mexico. Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from lonelyplanet.com
  16. History of the San Marcos Fair in Aguascalientes . Retrieved on August 7, 2017 from mexicodesconocido.com.mx.
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