President William McKinley asks Congress for a declaration of war against Spain (2023)

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President William McKinley asks Congress for a declaration of war against Spain (1)

Photo caption

Battleship U.S.S. Maine, at anchor. The explosion in Havana harbor that sank the Maine helped precipitate the Spanish-American War.

On April 11, 1898, two months after the battleship U.S.S. Maine was destroyed by an explosion in Havana harbor, President McKinley sent a message to Congress requesting authority to use the U.S. armed forces to end a brutal civil war in the Spanish colony of Cuba. Congress voted to support Cuban independence, to demand the withdrawal of Spanish troops from the island, and to authorize the use of force to achieve those objectives. On April 25, after Spain broke diplomatic relations and declared war against the United States, Congress formally asserted that a state of war existed. In a whirlwind military campaign, the U.S. Army invaded Cuba and the U.S. Navy destroyed Spanish squadrons in the Caribbean and Manila Bay. Hostilities were halted on August 12, 1898. The two sides signed a peace treaty in Paris on December 10, in which Madrid recognized Cuban independence and ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam to the United States. With its victory in the Spanish-American War the United States claimed status as a global power – and, in a relative absence of mind, it acquired something of an overseas empire.

This lesson plan, through the use of primary sources and a WebQuest Interactive, will focus on the causes of the war and the political debate in the United States over the advisability of intervening militarily in the affairs of countries.

Background

Americans had long been interested in the Spanish colony of Cuba, one of the last remnants of Spain’s once-great American empire. The island commanded critical maritime lines of communication into the Gulf of Mexico. Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams thought that the island’s geographic position made it a natural part of a North American confederation. American businessmen held substantial investments on the island. During a major popular insurrection against Spanish rule (the Ten Years War, 186878), the American public generally sympathized with the rebels, but the U.S. government chose not to intervene directly.

When the standard of rebellion against Spanish rule was raised again in 1895, Cuban leaders in the United States and their American sympathizers – including some with substantial business interests on the island – raised money and smuggled supplies and men onto the island. Many Cuban leaders, including the famous New York-based writer José Martí (who died in a skirmish in 1895), admired much about the United States but were suspicious of American intentions. A new Spanish commander, General Valeriano Weyler, waged a counterinsurgency campaign that brought the civilian population into concentration camps. Those in the camps suffered greatly from poor sanitation and lack of food and medicine. Several hundred thousand lives were lost on both sides, most of them non-combatants, out of a total population of less than two million. American citizens and property on the island were often caught in the middle of the violence.

The humanitarian disaster in Cuba caught the attention of the popular press in the United States. These “yellow journalists” – especially two competing New York newspapers (William Randolph Hearst’s Journal and Joseph Pulitzer’s World) – sensationalized the atrocities of “Butcher” Weyler and urged American intervention. Prominent statesmen like Theodore Roosevelt and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge argued that a great nation like the United States could not honorably stand by while Cuba was devastated and depopulated. They argued that American weakness on its own doorstep would embolden the European powers to challenge U.S. hemispheric interests and global aspirations. These war hawks, following the geopolitical arguments made popular by Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, stressed the strategic importance of Cuba.

Through early 1898, however, those who opposed American military intervention in Cuba held the upper hand. The devastation caused by the Civil War was still within living memory. White southerners in general feared that war over Cuba would be fought in the interests of the industrial north and lead to a stronger federal government. Many Americans, not just southerners, regarded the African-Hispanic peoples of Cuba through the prism of race as an “inferior” people, not worth fighting about. Businessmen who did not have a major stake in Cuba were concerned that war would destabilize precarious financial markets. The anti-interventionists pointed to serious human rights abuses by the insurrectos and argued that security and honor for the United States meant staying out the quarrels of others.

President Grover Cleveland, a Democrat, was in office when the insurrection first broke out. He was decidedly in the anti-interventionist camp. Cleveland sought to protect American citizens and property while encouraging a peaceful settlement of the conflict. Republican President William McKinley, who assumed office in March 1897, likewise sought a diplomatic solution in which Spain would grant substantial autonomy to Cuba. McKinley also explored the possibility of purchasing the island from Spain. The government in Madrid did not feel it could make such concessions, however, in light of strong domestic opposition to surrendering the last vestiges of the Spanish empire. Spain offered only limited reforms and recalled General Weyler. The Cuban insurrectos, who wanted complete independence from Spain (and from the United States), also rejected compromise. Moderate Republicans and some key Democratic leaders, including William Jennings Bryan, called for intervention on humanitarian grounds. The press published an inflammatory private letter, written by the Spanish Minister to the United States, Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, which disparaged McKinley. On February 15, 1898, the battleship Maine exploded while on a “courtesy visit” to Havana harbor. The official U.S. investigation concluded that the ship had been destroyed by a submarine mine of unknown origin. The obvious inference was that Spain was responsible.

Historians disagree whether McKinley reluctantly now followed an enraged American public into war or whether he actively shaped that opinion. The President insisted on Spanish acceptance of U.S. arbitration. He declined the offers of European powers, led by Germany and France, to mediate the dispute. His Congressional supporters carefully orchestrated a joint resolution that supported Cuban independence and authorized the use of force. To promote cooperation with the Cuban insurrectos and reassure European powers of U.S. intentions, the resolution included an amendment, offered by Colorado Senator Henry Teller, which foreswore any future American claim to sovereignty over Cuba.

(Video) Spanish-American War: McKinley's message to Congress

McKinley did not fully embrace the Roosevelt-Mahan strategic view, but he did believe that the United States must assume a leading role in global affairs and preserve opportunities for American commerce. The SpanishAmerican War was fought with these larger goals in mind. The U.S. Army, which invaded Cuba in early June, was far from ready to fight; its weaknesses became painfully clear over the next few months despite successes such as the famous charge of Roosevelt’s Rough Riders. But McKinley and his advisers decided that the war would be won primarily at sea. The newly-modernized U.S. Navy defeated Spanish squadrons in the Caribbean and at Manila Bay in the Philippines, thereby controlling access to Spain’s vulnerable overseas possessions. U.S. forces occupied Guam and Puerto Rico and supported a nationalist uprising in the Philippines. Within three months, the Spanish government sued for peace. Hostilities were halted on August 12, 1898. The two sides signed a peace treaty in Paris on December 10. With its victory in the SpanishAmerican War the United States claimed status as a global political-military power. Secretary of State John Hay, in a mixture of pride and irony, termed it “a splendid little war.” Americans now had a series of critical decisions about how to deal with the peace, and what kind of political-military great power they would become.

Content Standards

NCSS.D1.2.9-12. Explain points of agreement and disagreement experts have about interpretations and applications of disciplinary concepts and ideas associated with a compelling question.

NCSS.D2.His.1.9-12. Evaluate how historical events and developments were shaped by unique circumstances of time and place as well as broader historical contexts.

NCSS.D2.His.2.9-12. Analyze change and continuity in historical eras.

NCSS.D2.His.3.9-12. Use questions generated about individuals and groups to assess how the significance of their actions changes over time and is shaped by the historical context.

NCSS.D2.His.4.9-12. Analyze complex and interacting factors that influenced the perspectives of people during different historical eras.

NCSS.D2.His.5.9-12. Analyze how historical contexts shaped and continue to shape people’s perspectives.

NCSS.D2.His.12.9-12. Use questions generated about multiple historical sources to pursue further inquiry and investigate additional sources.

NCSS.D2.His.14.9-12. Analyze multiple and complex causes and effects of events in the past.

NCSS.D2.His.15.9-12. Distinguish between long-term causes and triggering events in developing a historical argument.

NCSS.D2.His.16.9-12. Integrate evidence from multiple relevant historical sources and interpretations into a reasoned argument about the past.

Preparation

Review the lesson plan. Locate and bookmark suggested materials and links from EDSITEment reviewed websites used in this lesson. Download and print out selected documents and duplicate copies as necessary for student viewing. Alternatively, excerpted versions of these documents are available as part of the downloadable PDF.

Download the Text Document for this lesson, (available here as a PDF Document). This file contains excerpted versions of the documents used in the various activities, as well as questions for students to answer. Print out and make an appropriate number of copies of the handouts you plan to use in class.

Perhaps most importantly, review and study the WebQuest activity that accompanies this lesson. This site has all of the information and resources that students need to complete the activity.

In addition, if your students need assistance with primary source documents, the following EDSITEment-reviewed websites may be useful:

Lesson Activities

Activity 1: The Splendid Little War

During months of conflict between the Spanish Army and irregular native forces in Cuba, the United States government attempted to broker a diplomatic solution that would avoid the need for American military intervention and end the humanitarian disaster on the island. With the explosion of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor in February 1898, however, events quickly spiraled out of control and Americans rushed to war. In this activity, students will use an interactive WebQuest in which they create a magazine about the Spanish-American War.

To begin, hand out the following document, located in its excerpted form on pages 1-2 of the Text Document that accompanies this lesson:

Discuss with students the ideas/beliefs raised by Grover Cleveland about American interests in Cuba and the reasons for the United States to be cautious about intervention. Make a list of these reasons on the board.

Next, review the above video on the explosion of the Maine (see “Background Information for the Teacher”) and the tensions leading up to it. Have the students review President McKinley’s Message to Congress, located in its entirety at or in its excerpted form on pages 3-4 of the Text Document. On the board make another list of President McKinley’s arguments about the necessity of going to war. How do his arguments differ from those of President Cleveland? What has changed?

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Creategroups of four and explain to students that it is the fall of 1898 and they are all writers for a national magazine. Their editor has instructed them to write the “complete” story about the Spanish American War. In order to make this the complete story, each group member will be writing articles from one of the following roles:

  • Coming of War
  • Battles of the War
  • Opposition to the War
  • Photographer

Next, direct students to the interactive WebQuest. Everything for the assignment, including specific instructions for each part and all of the resources, has been placed on the WebQuest. Review the directions and activity with the students, paying particular attention to the requirements of the project, which vary depending on the role assigned. Encourage students to only use the resources on the WebQuest, as they have been selected to aid them in focusing in on their research topic. Below are the requirements for each of the roles.

Coming of War

It is your job to report on the issues/events leading up to the war.

  • What events occurred to lead to the actual war?
  • What were people in America thinking?
  • How did "Yellow Journalism" affect public opinion?
  • What finally pushed us into war?

In doing this, you must adhere to the following requirements:

  • Your article must be at least two typed pages.
  • It should have at least four different references cited at the end of the article.
  • You should use three quotes from people from that time period.

Battles of the War

It is your job to report on the specific battles of the war.

  • What went wrong, what went right?
  • What were the key land/naval battles?
  • Why did America win the war?

In doing this, you must adhere to the following requirements:

  • Your article must be at least two typed pages.
  • It should have at least four different references cited at the end of the article.
  • You should use three quotes from people from that time period.

Opposition to the War

It is your job to your job is to report on the opposition to the War.

  • What did those opposed to the war do?
  • What did they think?
  • How organized was this resistance?

In doing this, you must adhere to the following requirements:

  • Your article must be at least two typed pages.
  • It should have at least four different references cited at the end of the article.
  • You should use three quotes from people from that time period.

Photographer

Many photographs of the Spanish American war have been published. Using these pictures, make a visual display of the war.

In doing this, you must adhere to the following requirements:

  • Your article must be at least 4 pages.
  • Each picture should have your own written caption.
  • Include at least four different references (websites) at the end of your article to show where you obtained your pictures.

Inform the group members that they will combine their individual contributions to create one complete magazine.

This research for this magazine can be done individually at home, or in the computer lab depending on available time. Once students have completed their research, they are to create a magazine in which all of these articles are presented. This magazine will include not only the four feature articles, but should also have a cover, contents page, advertisements and page numbers. Remind students that it is to look like a real magazine. Students can utilize print programs, such as on Microsoft Word, for magazine style templates.

Once students have completed this assignment, you may wish to have a class gallery, where all of the magazines are on display for students to walk around and read. If time permits, students could peer evaluate their classmates for an additional grade.

To conclude, discuss the Spanish American War with the students. Does it deserve the title “A Splendid Little War?”

Assessment

The magazine from the WebQuest should be graded as a formal assessment.

Students should be able to identify and/or define the following:

  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Imperialism
  • Yellow Journalism
  • General Weyler

In addition, students should be able to locate the following on a map

  • Philippines
  • Cuba
  • Guam
  • Puerto Rico

Finally, students should be able to write a brief essay (34 paragraphs) answering the following:

  • How did the Spanish American War change the course of American foreign policy?

Student Activity

The Spanish–American War

(Video) American History - Part 139 - McKinley - War with Spain - Rough Riders - San Juan Hill

Lesson Plan

Lesson 1: The Question of an American Empire

Lesson Plan

Lesson 3: The Matter of the Philippines

Lesson Plan

Lesson 4: Imperialism and the Open Door

Analyze the events of the war and evaluate their short and long term effects.

Evaluate the connections between the war andthe larger political debate over American imperialism.

Was the Spanish-American War a fundamental shift in American foreign policy?

What did the Spanish-American War mean for the role of the press in American politics and society?

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A More Perfect Union
History & Social Studies

U.S. History

World History

The Birth of an American Empire

9-12

3

The Spanish–American War: Worksheet 1 Download File (PDF)

Patrick Garrity & Lori Hahn

01/21/11

Editor

EDSITEment team

06/20/19

FAQs

Why did McKinley ask Congress to declare war on Spain? ›

Maine was destroyed by an explosion in Havana harbor, President McKinley sent a message to Congress requesting authority to use the U.S. armed forces to end a brutal civil war in the Spanish colony of Cuba.

When did President McKinley asks for declaration of war with Spain? ›

President William McKinley asks Congress to declare war on Spain on April 20, 1898. In 1895, Cuba, located less than 100 miles south of the United States, attempted to overthrow Spanish colonial rule.

Did McKinley want war with Spain? ›

President McKinley attempted to prevent war and endeavored to persuade the Spanish government to adopt a conciliatory policy with the Cuban insurrectionists.

Which president requested declaration of war against Spain? ›

Events preceding to the declaration

The U.S. Congress passed legislation allocating an additional $50 million for the military on March 9 and on March 26 President William McKinley demanded that Spain end hostilities by October 1. Spain rejected McKinley's proposal and objected to his interference.

Why did we declare war against Spain? ›

On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898.

What would be the main cause of America going to war with Spain? ›

The reasons for war were many, but there were two immediate ones: America's support the ongoing struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.

When did Congress declare war on Spain? ›

On April 25, 1898, Congress approved a resolution declaring war with Spain.

What was the breaking point that pushed McKinley to issue an ultimatum to Spain? ›

The public's anger only intensified following an explosion on the Maine and its sinking on February 15, 1898, in Havana Harbor, killing 266 crew members. McKinley ordered an investigation of the Maine explosion even while some Americans cried, "Remember the Maine! To Hell with Spain!" and pressed for war.

What is William McKinley best known for? ›

William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th president of the United States, serving from 1897 until his assassination in 1901. As a politician he led a realignment that made his Republican Party largely dominant in the industrial states and nationwide until the 1930s.

WHO declared the Spanish-American War? ›

Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th, which was made retroactive to April 21.

What president led the Spanish-American War? ›

William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination on September 14, 1901, after leading the nation to victory in the Spanish-American War and raising protective tariffs to promote American industry.

Which of the following was a result of the Spanish-American War? ›

As a result of the war, the United States acquired Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as territories.

What was the impact of the Spanish-American War? ›

The war ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. Spain subsequently turned its focus inward and experienced a cultural renaissance and two decades of significant progress in agriculture, industry, transportation, and other areas.

What event led to the House and Senate voting to declare war? ›

What event led to the House and Senate voting to declare war? Americans suffered heavy losses at Pearl Harbor.

What was the demand placed on Spain according to the congressional resolution passed on April 20 1898? ›

On April 20, the U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution that acknowledged Cuban independence, demanded that the Spanish government give up control of the island, foreswore any intention on the part of the United States to annex Cuba, and authorized McKinley to use whatever military measures he deemed necessary to ...

What did Spain lose as a result of the Spanish-American War? ›

U.S. victory in the war produced a peace treaty that compelled the Spanish to relinquish claims on Cuba, and to cede sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States. The United States also annexed the independent state of Hawaii during the conflict.

Which statement about the results of the Spanish-American War is true? ›

Which statement describes a result of the Spanish-American War? The United States gained territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

What did Spain lose as a result of the Spanish-American War apex? ›

Spain relinquished Cuba and ceded to the United States the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam.

Why did the United States go to war against Spain in 1898 quizlet? ›

In 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898.

How did many Americans respond to the declaration of war with Spain? ›

How did many Americans respond to the declaration of war with Spain? Many men volunteered for military service.

How did the Spanish-American War influence the emergence of the United States as a world power? ›

How did the Spanish American War make the United States a world power? The US victory in the Spanish American War resulted in the Us gaining possession and/or control of many new territories. These and other territorial gains resulted in the creation of a new far flung empire.

What events happened during the Spanish-American War? ›

Timeline
April 25, 1898The U.S. Congress declares war on Spain.
June 22, 1898U.S. troops land in Cuba.
July 1, 1898U.S. forces defeat the Spanish at the Battle of San Juan Heights.
July 3, 1898U.S. forces destroy the Spanish Fleet off Santiago Bay, Cuba.
July 17, 1898The Spanish surrender at Santiago.
4 more rows
10 Aug 2022

Where did the Spanish-American War take place? ›

Spanish–American War

Which president signed the Treaty of Paris 1898? ›

February 6, 1899: Treaty of Paris ratified

The following day, President McKinley signed the treaty, and the United States officially controlled Spain's former colonies—Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. With the Treaty of Paris, the United States emerged as an imperial power.

In what ways did the war of 1898 mark a turning point in the relationship between the United States and the rest of the world? ›

The spanish american war was marked a turning point in american foreign policy because the United States of America became an imperial world power. What does Imperialism mean? Extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

What was the name of the ship that blew up and helped cause the Spanish-American War in Cuba? ›

On February 15, 1898, an explosion of unknown origin sank the battleship U.S.S. Maine in the Havana, Cuba harbor, killing 266 of the 354 crew members. The sinking of the Maine incited United States' passions against Spain, eventually leading to a naval blockade of Cuba and a declaration of war.

What are 5 facts about William McKinley? ›

William McKinley Facts
  • Twenty-Fifth (25th) President of the United States.
  • Years Served as President: 1897-1901.
  • Vice President: Garret Hobart, Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Party: Republican.
  • Age at Inauguration: 54.
  • Home State: Ohio.
  • Date of Birth: January 29, 1843.
  • Died: September 14, 1901.

What is William McKinley's famous quote? ›

The free man cannot be long an ignorant man. War should never be entered upon until every agency of peace has failed. That's all a man can hope for during his lifetime - to set an example - and when he is dead, to be an inspiration for history.

Why did McKinley win the presidential election of 1896? ›

McKinley forged a conservative coalition in which businessmen, professionals, prosperous farmers, and skilled factory workers turned off by Bryan's agrarian policies were heavily represented. McKinley was strongest in cities and in the Northeast, Upper Midwest, and Pacific Coast.

What did William McKinley campaign for? ›

By early in August, the McKinley campaign had decided upon a strategy: appeal to labor and established farmers.

Who fought in the Spanish-American War? ›

189. – An Act Declaring that war exists between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain on April 25, 1898.

How did Spain lose its power? ›

Twilight in the Global Empire (1808-1898)

The intrusion of Napoleonic forces into Spain in 1808 (see Peninsular War cut off effective connection with the empire. Spain lost her possessions on the mainland of America with the independence movements of the early 19th century, during the power vacuum of the Peninsula War.

Why did the US want the Philippines? ›

Americans who advocated annexation evinced a variety of motivations: desire for commercial opportunities in Asia, concern that the Filipinos were incapable of self-rule, and fear that if the United States did not take control of the islands, another power (such as Germany or Japan) might do so.

Which of the following was not a result of the Spanish-American War? ›

Q. Which of the following was NOT a result of the Spanish American War? Cuba gained independence from Spain.

Which of the following was a result of the Spanish war Check all that apply? ›

What were the results of the Spanish-American War? The United States emerged as a world power; Cuba gained independence from Spain; the United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.

What policy did the United States adopt toward the Philippines after the Spanish-American War? ›

What policy did the United States adopt toward the Philippines after the Spanish-American War? The United States granted the Philippines independence but reserved the right to intervene in the nation if U.S. interests were at stake.

Why did the US declare war on Spain? ›

On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898.

Why was the Spanish-American War justified? ›

The reasons for war were many, but there were two immediate ones: America's support the ongoing struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.

Who benefited from the Spanish-American War? ›

The Treaty of Paris was most generous to the winners. The United States received the Philippines and the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico. Cuba became independent, and Spain was awarded $20 million dollars for its losses.

What reason did President James K Polk give when he asked Congress to declare war against Mexico? ›

On May 12, 1846, the United States Senate voted 40 to 2 to go to war with Mexico. President James K. Polk had accused Mexican troops of having attacked Americans on U.S. soil, north of the Rio Grande.

Does the president have the power to declare war? ›

The Constitution divides war powers between Congress and the president. Only Congress can declare war and appropriate military funding, yet the president is commander in chief of the armed forces.

What is a declaration of war in the US? ›

A declaration of war is a formal declaration issued by a national government indicating that a state of war exists between that nation and another. A document by the Federation of American Scientists gives an extensive listing and summary of statutes which are automatically engaged upon the United States declaring war.

What was the breaking point that pushed McKinley to issue an ultimatum to Spain? ›

The public's anger only intensified following an explosion on the Maine and its sinking on February 15, 1898, in Havana Harbor, killing 266 crew members. McKinley ordered an investigation of the Maine explosion even while some Americans cried, "Remember the Maine! To Hell with Spain!" and pressed for war.

What was the overall outcome of the Spanish-American War? ›

The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.

What was the breaking point that pushed McKinley to issue an ultimatum to Spain? ›

The public's anger only intensified following an explosion on the Maine and its sinking on February 15, 1898, in Havana Harbor, killing 266 crew members. McKinley ordered an investigation of the Maine explosion even while some Americans cried, "Remember the Maine! To Hell with Spain!" and pressed for war.

WHO declared the Spanish-American War? ›

Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th, which was made retroactive to April 21.

When did the U.S. capture Philippines from Spain? ›

The Philippine Declaration of Independence was not recognized by either the United States or Spain, and the Spanish government ceded the Philippines to the United States in the 1898 Treaty of Paris, which was signed on December 10, 1898, in consideration for an indemnity for Spanish expenses and assets lost.

What was the purpose of the Teller Amendment? ›

Teller (Colorado) proposed an amendment to the U.S. declaration of war against Spain which proclaimed that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba.

When did Congress declare war on Spain? ›

On April 25, 1898, Congress approved a resolution declaring war with Spain.

Which of the following was a result of the Spanish-American War? ›

As a result of the war, the United States acquired Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines as territories.

What was the impact of the Spanish-American War? ›

The war ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. Spain subsequently turned its focus inward and experienced a cultural renaissance and two decades of significant progress in agriculture, industry, transportation, and other areas.

Which statement about the results of the Spanish-American War is true? ›

Which statement describes a result of the Spanish-American War? The United States gained territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

What is the Spanish-American War summary? ›

The Spanish-American War was a conflict between the United States and Spain that effectively ended Spain's role as a colonial power in the New World. The United States emerged from the war as a world power with significant territorial claims stretching from the Caribbean to Southeast Asia.

Who won the Spanish Civil war? ›

The Nationalists won the war, which ended in early 1939, and ruled Spain until Franco's death in November 1975.

How did Philippines won against Spain? ›

With the words, “You may fire when you are ready, Gridley,” Commodore Dewey ordered Captain Charles V. Gridley to fire on the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay. On May 1, 1898, Dewey decisively defeated the Spanish squadron in Manila Bay, sinking or capturing every Spanish ship with no loss of American life.

Did the Philippines won a war against Spain? ›

After its defeat in the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain ceded its longstanding colony of the Philippines to the United States in the Treaty of Paris.

How did Philippines won against Spaniards? ›

The Katipunan, led by Andrés Bonifacio, began to influence much of the Philippines taking full advantage of Spanish failures against Cuban nationalists in 1895 and declaring Spain a weakened empire.

Did the US honor the Teller Amendment? ›

In 1902, the US did indeed honor its promise in the Teller Amendment, and, while it did not withdraw from the Philippines or Puerto Rico or Guam, did withdraw from Cuba.

What is the Teller Amendment How does it explain what wasn't a cause and why the need for teller? ›

It placed a condition on the United States military's presence in Cuba. According to the clause, the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave "control of the island to its people." In short, the U.S. would help Cuba gain independence and then withdraw all its troops from the country.

Which of the following statements is true of the Teller Amendment? ›

Which of the following was true of the Teller Amendment? It disavowed any American designs on Cuban territory.

Videos

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