C1-C2 Vocabulary List - PDFCOFFEE.COM (2023)

C1 -C2 Vocabulary

Succumb

Fringe

v. to give in; to surrender to

n. the outer edge of something

Quaint

Misrepresent

adj. pleasantly old-fashioned

v. present in a false way; to lie about

Debonair

Complicit

adj dashing and well-mannered; refined

adj. involved in a crime along with others

Allegiance

Ubiquitous

n. loyalty; faithfulness to a person or cause

adj. present everywhere; widespread

Incoherent

Confidant

adj. impossible to understand; unclear; incomprehensible

n. someone one trusts with a secret

Paragon Boisterous adj. loud and excited; full of energy

n. a perfect example of a quality; an example of excellence

Audible

Tarnished

adj. able to be heard

adj. stained or dirty, especially of a reputation

Assets

Mandatory

n. resources; items of value that are owned by someone

adj. required; absolutely necessary

Ablution

Orthodox

n. the act of washing oneself

adj. adhering to tradition; conservative

Extravagant

Visceral

adj. extremely luxurious; unnecessarily large; without restraint

adj. relating to intensely strong emotions

Maternal Addendum adj. having to do with a mother n. additional information following a book or article 1

Countenance

Cartilage

v. to grant approval of

n. the harder tissue found in certain joints and in other places, such as the ear

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Paradigm Manifest n. a pattern on which to base other things v. to appear; to become apparent

Chivalry Comprise n. courteous behavior, especially by men to women

v. made up [of smaller pieces or parts]

Glean

Laudatory

v. to get information, often after a struggle

adj. praising; congratulatory

Covert

Perilous

adj. in secret; stealthy

adj. dangerous, risky

Revel

Pithy

v. to rejoice in; savor

adj. short and meaningful, usually referring to a clever saying

Transient Wrangle adj. brief; not lasting v. to dispute or argue over

Quaff Obelisk v. to drink quickly; to chug

Vie

n. a large, thin stone statue, set up to serve as a landmark

v. to compete for [something]

Diversion

Spontaneous

n. a distraction

adj. happening without prior planning

Shriek

Altruist

n. a high-pitched scream

n. someone who cares deeply and unselfishly for others

Paradox n. a logical contradiction; a situation that seems absurd and contradictory

Archipelago n. a collection of small islands 2

Accede

Apex

v. to agree to something; to give in to something

n. highest point

Abort Barrage v. to cut off; terminate n. a overwhelming number of something delivered all at once

Foresee

Innovation

v. to predict [something] before it happens

n inventiveness; the process of coming up with something new

Promulgated v. to spread; to promote [a doctrine or idea]

Travesty Extraneous n. an absurd or outrageous depiction of something

adj. unnecessary or extra

Intersperse

Barren

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v. spread between other things

adj. lifeless; without growth

Omnivorous

Trajectory

adj. eating both plants and meat

n. the path which something follows while moving

Provoke Petrify v. to force into action; to set off v. to freeze in terror

Buffet Synopsis v. to batter or hit something repeatedly n. a summary

Defer Competent v. to put off until later

Jibe

adj. skilled and capable; able to perform a required task

n. a mocking joke

Ravage

Monologue

v. to damage severely

n. a long speech given by one person, especially in a play, book, or movie 3

Accomplice

Libel

n. a partner, usually a partner in committing crime

n. a defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjust impression

Parody

Amputate

n. an imitation of some thing that exaggerates its qualities in order to be funny

v. to cut off; often, to cut off a person's limb due to

Scuttle Strut v. to deliberately cause plans to fail to move quickly, but with short steps

v. to walk in a proud, jaunty,and haughty manner

Extemporaneous Parse adj. without prior planning; impromptu v. to read closely in order to analyze

Conscious Spectrum adj. aware; understanding of n. a wide range of things

Magisterial Savor adj. bossy; overbearing v. to enjoy deeply

Iridescent Advocacy adj. glowing in different colors n. public promotion of a policy or cause

Fortify Vicarious v. to make stronger adj. experienced through one's imagination when done by another person

Overrun

Misplace

adj. overwhelmed; incapable of dealing with

v. to put something in the wrong place and lose it as a result

Diversity

Temperate

n. the state of having several varieties

adj. moderate; not extreme injury

Purloin v. to steal

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adj. catastrophic; world-shattering; extremely destructive

Invaluable adj. extremely valuable; impossible to do without

Harbinger

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Disparity

n. a sign of things to come

n. a large difference between two things

Illegitimate

Wield

adj. not legal; not acceptable; not in line with rules

v. to hold; to use [as a weapon or tool]

Ostentatious Municipal adj. showy; shown to impress adj. related to the local affairs of a town or county

Mishap

Introvert

n. an unfortunate occurrence

n. someone who is shy; someone hesitant to socialize with others

Pandemic n. a disease spreading rapidly worldwide

Rancid Divisive adj. rotting; overripe

Pandemonium

adj. tending to cause intense controversy; controversial

n. chaos; noisy confusion

Render

Maul

v. to make; to cause to be; to provide; to give

v. to wound with a scratch, usually done by an animal

Vaccinate v. to provide immunity to a disease through injection with vaccine

Broach v. to bring up for discussion, especially something difficult or challenging

Pastoral

Clinch

adj. pleasantly rural

v. to settle [usually a deal]; to confirm a win or achievement

Obstinate adj. stubborn; resistant to change

Cataclysmic

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Fervor

Excursion

n. passion; determination

adj. a brief trip

Fixate

Compliant

v. to concentrate completely on one thing to the point of it becoming an obsession

n. easily agreeing or obey rules

Overtone Abbey n a subtle implication; a hint of something n. a building in which nuns or monks live

Secede Malicious adj. evil; hatred

v. to remove oneself from a union or alliance

Stagnant

Pervade

adj. not moving or developing

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v. to be present throughout

Memento

Mutilate

n. something that reminds one of something else; a souvenir

v. to injure violently

Converge Suggestive adj. suggesting an idea; evocative

v. to come together from separate places to a single place

Fluctuation

Abnormal

n. a change in quantity or amount; a variation (close syn: oscillation)

adj. unusual or out of the ordinary; weird

Stint

adj. acceptable; endurable

n. a period of doing a specific job

Deteriorate

Salutation

v. to decline in quality

n. a greeting

Migrant

Grievous

n. someone or something that travels from one place to another

Tolerable

adj. severely painful; brutal

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Akimbo

Astringent

adj. spread out in a haphazard way

adj. harsh or burning; acidic

Faction

Fraudulent

n. one side in a debate or argument

adj. fake; created in order to trick or deceive (close syn: spurious; counterfeit; duplicitous)

Perennial adj. happening often; constant

Impassable Abstain adj. impossible to get past; impossible to travel through or over

v. to hold back; to refrain from doing something

Influx Curtail n. an arrival of a massive group of people of things

v. to cut short; to cut off forcibly (close syn: abridge; truncate; pare)

Disparate Generic adj. separate; extremely unlike one another adj. ordinary; not standing out

Detriment Infrequent n. a cause of damage or injury adj. not occurring often (close syn: scant; sporadic; intermittently; sparse; meager )

Copious adj. abundant; more than enough

Accompaniment Ascertain n. a musical part that goes along with another part, whether an instrument or voice

v. to determine; to make sure of

Onerous adj. difficult; challenging (close syn: cumbersome; burdensome)

Negotiable adj. open for discussion, debate or change

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