Andaman And Nicobar Islands (2022)

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, separating the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, comprise two main island groups; the Nicobar Islands and the Andaman Islands. The islands are located in the Bay of Bengal and are possessed by India. Andaman and Nicobar Islands consist of 572 islands, of which only 38 have permanent populations. In 2004, a tsunami, triggered by an earthquake in the nearby Indian Ocean, severely damaged the islands, drawing global attention.

Location

Andaman And Nicobar Islands (1)

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located on the Bay of Bengal’s southeastern edge. The two island groups, Nicobar Island and its northern neighbor, form an arc that stretches towards the south for about 1,000 kilometers between Sumatra (Indonesia) and Myanmar. The arc also forms a boundary between the Andaman Sea on the east and the Bay of Bengal on the west.

Andaman And Nicobar Islands (2)

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are approximately 150 kilometers north of Aceh (Indonesia). The Andaman Sea separates the island group from Myanmar and Thailand. The Andaman Islands are located about 130 kilometers southwest of the Ayeyarwady Region, Myanmar, while the Nicobar Islands are located about 1,300 kilometers southeast of the Indian subcontinent. These two island groups are separated by the Ten Degree Channel. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands form Indian Union Territory.

Climate

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands region experiences a tropical climate, moderated by the sea breeze. Temperatures on the islands rise from 70 degrees Fahrenheit to around 80 degrees Fahrenheit daily all year round. The region receives plenty of rainfall, averaging 3,000 mm annually. The southwest monsoons, blowing between May and September, and tropical cyclones (October to November) bring plenty of rainfall to the island. Greater Nicobar receives the most rainfall than other places in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Geography Facts

Andaman And Nicobar Islands (3)
(Video) Andaman And Nicobar Islands: Best Hotels, Best Beaches, Things To Do, Food | Tripoto

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands comprise 572 islands, spanning 8,249 square kilometers. The two island groups are separated by Ten Degree Channel. The channel is about 10 km long from west to east and 150 km wide from north to south. Its minimum depth is 7.3 meters.

The Andaman comprises 325 islands, occupying 6,170 square kilometers. South, Middle, and North Andamans, collectively known as Great Andaman, are the archipelago’s main islands. Other Islands are Little Andaman, Interview, Sentinel, Rutland Island, and The Sisters. On the other hand, Nicobar consists of 247 islands, covering 1,765 square kilometers. Its main islands include Great Nicobar, Car Nicobar, Katchall, Camerota, and Noncowry Islands. Sumatra’s northwestern tip is approximately 150 km southwest of the island of Great Nicobar.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands are parts of the island arc. The island arc is part of several submarine mountain ridges, including Patkai Range, Mentawai Ridge, and Rakhine Mountains. The highest point on the union territory is Saddle Peak, with an elevation of 732 meters above sea level. Saddle Peak is located on North Andaman Island. Other major peaks are Thullier (642 meters) and Mount Harriet (365 meters). The Barren Island on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the only active volcanoes in India and South Asia.

Nicobar has a more diverse terrain than Andaman, with some of its islands, like Car Nicobar, having flat surfaces covered by corals. The offshore coral formation makes it difficult for most ships to anchor on the islands. Other islands are hilly and contain numerous streams. Only Great Nicobar has plenty of fresh water in the region. The Andaman Islands has rough terrain, with enclosing hills and valleys. Betapur and Diglipur valleys in the Middle and North Andaman are some of the few valleys on Andaman with flat terrain.

Brief History

Andaman And Nicobar Islands (4)
(Video) Complete Travel Guide to Andaman 2022 | Port Blair, Havelock and Neil Island

The Andaman Islands were mainly occupied by the Andamanese people, while the Nicobar Islands were home to various ethnic groups, collectively known as Nicobarese people. From 1014 to 1042 CE, Rajendra Chole I of the Chole Empire used the islands as a naval base to launch an attack against the Srivijaya Empire (now Indonesia) and referred to the island as Ma-Nakkavaram,” meaning great naked/open land.

The Danish arrived on the islands in 1755 and made Nicobar a Dutch colony the following year. They first named the island “New Denmark” and later “Fredrick’s Island.” However, they abandoned the islands severally due to a malaria outbreak. Between 1778 and 1784, Austria established a colony on the islands, assuming that the Danish had abandoned them. They renamed the islands “Theresia Islands.” In 1789, the British established a naval base on Chatham Island, the current Port Blair location.

In October 1868, the Danish sold the Nicobar Islands to the British, who set up a penal colony for Indian subcontinent convicts. In 1872, Nicobar and Andaman became a single administrative unit, with a chief commissioner based in Port Blair. The islands were included as part of India in 1950 and declared a union territory in 1956.

On December 26, 2004, a 10-m high tsunami hit the islands. The tsunami was caused by an undersea megathrust (earthquake), leading to over 2,000 fatalities and rendering 40,000 people homeless. Some of the worst affected islands were Indira Point and Katchal. A significant portion of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands was submerged, reducing the union territory’s area from 8,073 square kilometers to 7,950 square kilometers.

Flora And Fauna

Andaman And Nicobar Islands (5)

Most parts of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are covered in dense tropical rainforests. The forests comprise floral characteristics of Myanmar, India, and Malaysia. There are over 2,200 plant species on the islands, of which 200 are endemic. Common plants include Andaman redwood (narra), fern, and orchid. Deciduous forest covers part of the Middle Andaman Islands, while North Andaman Islands have plenty of evergreen trees. Grassland is only found on the Nicobar Islands.

(Video) Kochi to Andaman Malayalam Vlog Series Part 1 with Eizy Travel

The tropical rainforest has a rich diversity of fauna despite being cut off from the mainland. 50 mammals, including endemic species such as Andaman wild boars, live on the islands. There are also 26 rodents and 14 bat species. Mammals include Andaman and Nicobar wild boars, spotted deer, shrew, elephants, and dugongs, which is Andaman State animal. Birds species are approximately 270, of which 14 are endemic.

Economy

Andaman and Nicobar Islands’ economy is based on agriculture and tourism, with agriculture as the main source livelihood source for most households. Approximately 487 square kilometers of land is under agriculture. Paddy is the main crop on the islands, while other crops include pulses and vegetables. Fruits such as orange, mango, and pineapple are widely grown in hilly areas.

The islands have pristine beaches that have become attractive tourist destinations. Water sport activities such as sea-walking and snorkeling are increasingly becoming popular on the islands. Plans to develop some islands into luxury resorts are underway. Some of the islands planned for development under the National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) are Smith, Avis, and Long Islands. According to recent estimates, 430,000 tourists visited the islands in 2016-2017, up from 130,000 a decade ago.

Demography

Andaman And Nicobar Islands (6)

Although Andaman and Nicobar Islands comprise over 500 islands, only 38 are inhabited. The Union Territory has an estimated population of 380,000, of which 53% are males. The Andaman Islands account for about 90% of the total population, while the rest live on the Nicobar Islands. Port Blair is the territory’s largest and capital city, with an estimated population of 141,000.

There are approximately 450 native Andamanese people in the Andamans, while the Nicobarese are the majority in the Nicobar Islands. The indigenous Andamanese include Sentinelese and Jarawa. The majority of the islanders speak Bengali or Hindi, while Malayalam, Telugu, and Tamil are also common. Hindi is the territory’s official language. English is also used for official communication. The major religion is Hindu (69.5%), followed by Christianity at 21.7%.

(Video) Sentinel island india original HD video drone footage of tribal people

Administration

Nicobar and Andaman Islands were put into one administrative unit in 1874 by the British. The territory is subdivided into three districts; Nicobar, South Andaman, and North and Middle Andaman. The districts are further subdivided into sub-divisions and townships (taluks). South Andaman has three sub-divisions and four taluks, including Port Blair taluk. The Union Territory is headed by Lieutenant Governor. It is represented in the House of the People (Lok Sabha) by one person from its Lok Sabha constituency.

Travel

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Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands’ capital and largest city, serves as the entry point to the Union Territory. It can be accessed from mainland India by either sea or air. Port Blair Airport, also known as Veer Savarkar International Airport, is the primary airport serving the islands. It is situated approximately 2 kilometers south of the capital. A flight takes 2-3 hours from mainland India to the airport. It takes 3-4 days to travel from Port Blair to Visakhapatnam, Chennai, or Kolkata.

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John Misachi March 1 2021 in Landforms

FAQs

Andaman And Nicobar Islands? ›

Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Is it safe to visit Andaman and Nicobar Islands? ›

With a very low crime rate, Andaman is extremely safe and peaceful. Also, there have been no reports of communal violence. Tourist's best time visiting the Andaman Islands have never faced any kind of safety issue. If you have any questions regarding Andaman safety, you can always reach us.

What country owns Andaman and Nicobar Islands? ›

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, union territory, India, consisting of two groups of islands at the southeastern edge of the Bay of Bengal.

Why Andaman and Nicobar Island is famous? ›

Andaman and Nicobar Islands are famous for their white-sand beaches and palm lined shorelines along with one of the greatest underwater biodiversity housing corals and sea dwellers. This makes it an all around tourist attraction.

What is special about Andaman? ›

Andaman and Nicobar Islands have India's best nesting beaches for three species of marine turtles – Hawksbill, Green turtle and world's largest sea turtle, the Leatherback (Dermocheleys Coriacea).

Which month is best for Andaman? ›

The best time to visit Andaman & Nicobar Islands is considered between October and May as the weather is pleasant, just perfect for sightseeing, water sports, and beach excursion. Monsoons (July to September) are not always recommended because of the high tidal waves, incessant rains and strong winds.

Which currency is used in Andaman? ›

Indian Rupee (INR)

What language is spoken in Andaman? ›

The Andamanese languages are a pair of language families spoken by the Andamanese peoples of the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean. The two language families are Great Andamanese and Ongan, while the Sentinelese language is spoken by an uncontacted people and therefore at present unclassifiable.

Do we need passport for Andaman? ›

There is no need for a passport or permit for Indian citizens to visit the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Why did British give Andaman to India? ›

Britain stated that the islands were of vital importance to them and wanted to retain possession. Muslim League negotiators insisted that the islands were part of the overall assets of India, which were still to be divided between Pakistan and India.

Is Andaman better than Maldives? ›

While both Maldives and Andaman are equally good to visit but the Maldives has private islands for their tourists and Andamans is covered in every way with natural beauty. Is the Maldives good for couples? The Maldives is an ideal destination for all couples as it has private resorts, beaches for tourists.

Is Andaman good for shopping? ›

There are two renowned districts, namely, Port Blair and Havelock for Andaman Nicobar shopping. Port Blair, which is also the capital city tops the list of places to shop. Port Blair serves as an entry and exit point for the islands, thereby making it a prominent Andaman Nicobar shopping destination.

Which island is most beautiful in Andaman? ›

Havelock Island is a piece of Ritchie's Archipelago, and is a standout amongst the most acclaimed islands in Andaman. Havelock is a perfect heaven with lovely white sandy shorelines, rich coral reefs and lavish green jungles.

What food is eaten in Andaman? ›

The staple diet of Andaman includes rice, coconut, spices, and lots of seafood. In fact, being a group of islands, Andaman is a paradise for seafood lovers. From cuttlefish, crabs, lobsters, prawns, to the all-time favorite Red Snapper, you can taste a variety of seafood on these islands.

Do Andaman people wear clothes? ›

There is no such specific attire in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Till date there are many people from Andaman and Nicobar Islands who do not wear any dress. This is mainly due to their detachment from the civilized world. The Sentinelese people still move naked in the islands.

How much does Andaman trip cost? ›

Andaman Packages
Andaman PackagesDay/NightPrice
Ladies Getaway to Andaman ! Package6 Days/5 Nights₹52,016
Port Blair, Havelock, and Neil Island in 5 nights Package6 Days/5 Nights₹50,141
Essential Andaman in 6 Nights Package7 Days/6 Nights₹54,186
Premium Getaway to Andaman Package6 Days/5 Nights₹76,578
6 more rows

Which is better Goa or Andaman? ›

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Goa is undoubtedly during the winters when the weather is fine. The beaches can best be enjoyed then. The sun and goa blend as well as paint on a canvas. Andaman is perfect to visit at any time of the year really and is a tropical wonder during monsoons as well.

Can I wear shorts in Andaman? ›

If you are willing to enjoy beach and water activities, you can stick with shorts or beachwear.

Does phone work in Andaman? ›

A: Experience Andamans is present in all the islands. You can use the mobile of any of our team members to make a call during your trip in Andaman.

Does Indian SIM work in Andaman? ›

BSNL is available everywhere in the island and Airtel being the second preferred networks.

Are there mosquitoes in Andaman? ›

Together with species known from earlier records, the mosquito fauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is updated to 107 species in 23 subgenera and 24 genera.

Is Andaman safe for girls? ›

All in all the Andaman and Nicobar Islands can be considered to be one of the safest and most reliable places for solo traveling for men and women alike. It is only next to Kerala in terms of safe travel destination across India and also across the world as both these places are massively popular foreign tourist spots.

Is Andaman safe for female Travellers? ›

1. Re: Andaman islands- safe for solo female traveller? Andaman and havelock island are very safe places. Government had stricts rules and regulations as the only mode of income is Tourist (same is with Hoteliers and locals : they will help you out in each and every step).

Is Andaman safe for family? ›

From a local perspective, we can assure you is that the Andaman Islands are absolutely safe for you and your kids. It is a stunning place, there is no impairment going to happen to the kids on this heaven. We are sure that your kids will love the days of your holiday spent on this island.

Is Andaman closed for tourists? ›

What's New. Partial Modification of Order no. 221 dt. 17-03-2022, the tourist activities in South Andaman is re-opened with immediate effect.

Can I wear shorts in Andaman? ›

If you are willing to enjoy beach and water activities, you can stick with shorts or beachwear.

Which is better Goa or Andaman? ›

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Goa is undoubtedly during the winters when the weather is fine. The beaches can best be enjoyed then. The sun and goa blend as well as paint on a canvas. Andaman is perfect to visit at any time of the year really and is a tropical wonder during monsoons as well.

Do Andaman people wear clothes? ›

There is no such specific attire in Andaman and Nicobar islands. Till date there are many people from Andaman and Nicobar Islands who do not wear any dress. This is mainly due to their detachment from the civilized world. The Sentinelese people still move naked in the islands.

Is Andaman better than Maldives? ›

While both Maldives and Andaman are equally good to visit but the Maldives has private islands for their tourists and Andamans is covered in every way with natural beauty. Is the Maldives good for couples? The Maldives is an ideal destination for all couples as it has private resorts, beaches for tourists.

How many days in Andaman is enough? ›

To cover all of the major sightseeing activities, a 5-night/6-day trip is recommended. You can take 9 nights and 10 days Andaman tour package to visit all of the islands and activities at your leisure.

Why it is not allowed to go Nicobar? ›

To keep native culture and inhabitants safe. While Andaman is thriving off of tourism, the Nicobar Islands are forbidden for tourists. The truth is, the tribes in the Nicobar Islands are among the first original inhabitants of the island who do not want to be a part of any development or civilization.

What is the cost of Andaman trip? ›

Andaman Packages
Andaman PackagesDay/NightPrice
Ladies Getaway to Andaman ! Package6 Days/5 Nights₹52,016
Port Blair, Havelock, and Neil Island in 5 nights Package6 Days/5 Nights₹50,141
Essential Andaman in 6 Nights Package7 Days/6 Nights₹54,186
Premium Getaway to Andaman Package6 Days/5 Nights₹76,578
6 more rows

How much does a trip to Andaman cost? ›

Popular Andaman tour Packages Cost:
Andaman tour PackagesNo. of DaysPrice (per Person)
Andaman Honeymoon package4Days and 5NightRs 11,200/-
Andaman Adventure3Days 4NightsRs 7,800/-
Delightful Andaman4days 5 daysRs 9,900/-
Exotic Andaman (Luxury)5Days 6NightsRs 15,500/-
2 more rows

Can we swim in Andaman? ›

Andaman and Nicobar Islands have many sandy beaches and coral reefs. Though Andaman water are generally safe for swimming, snorkelling and diving, they also have few potentially dangerous. marine animals, which may come in conflict due to mistaken identity such as a prey or to defend their territory.

Is 4 days enough for Andaman? ›

4 days are enough for a trip to Andaman. You can spend 2 nights in Port Blair and 1 Night in Havelock, and cover many places such as cellular jail, Corbyn's cove, Radhanagar Beach and Chidiya Tapu.

Is Indian currency accepted in Andaman? ›

Yes. Indian Rupee is used in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. You can exchange currency at the airport, from the banks or currency dealers. Also, you can withdraw Indian Rupees from the ATMs there.

Is alcohol not allowed in Andaman? ›

Is alcohol available in Andaman? Andaman and Nicobar is not a dry area and liquor are permitted here. There are government-owned liquor shops which deals in the sale of liquor.

Videos

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2. 7 Days Andaman Nicobar Tour - Andaman Nicobar Tour Budget, Itinerary - Havelock, Neil, Port Blair
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3. Who are the People of India's Mysterious Andaman and Nicobar Islands? Genetics of India
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